Requirements for Corn Cultivation

Requirements for Corn Cultivation
For this matter in the cultivation of maize plants is one type of seasonal plants with a cultivation period between 3 to 4 months, there are two main requirements in the cultivation of corn. Well, here are the requirements for corn cultivation, for more details, just consider the reviews below.

Requirements for complete cultivation of corn
Growing Requirements
Although it is known that a number of corn plant races are able to adapt to low temperatures and high regions, corn is the best plant when cultivated in the lowlands with warm temperatures and full sunlight. Corn germination will actually stop at temperatures below 10 degrees Celsius. For water needs of corn plants is average, but lack of water in the early growing period, the flowering period and the time of filling the seeds will result in a drastic decline in corn yields.
Corn plants can grow in various types of soil, provided that there is sufficient water and nutrients available and the roots are able to grow well. The root of the corn plant is not deep, so the layers should not be too hard. The need for nutrients is high, especially in nitrogen and phosphorus.
For this matter, corn plants like soil with neutral packaging "pH 5-6.5", Planting corn in acid soils, such as peat and podsolic red yellow "PMK", requires calcification, good drainage and good tolerant cultivars. . Which in the preparation of land for the preparation of corn planting usually involves piracy, leveling, making ditusan ditches, and liming "on acid soil", before planting, the land needs to be irrigated first.

Terms for how to grow corn
In this case corn requires direct sunlight to be able to grow normally. A place with rainfall ranging from 85 to 200 mm per month, temperatures ranging from 23-27 degrees Celsius and soil pH ranging from 5.6 to 7.5 is the best or ideal place for growing corn.
The type of soil is actually not very important, as long as the irrigation is good and the availability of water is sufficient, but it should be known if sufficient water in the initial growth phase and the flowering and seed filling phases is critical for the production of shelled corn.

Corn-planting land may not have a pool, the initial land management needs to consider making water drainage ditches or making beds. In acid soil type liming needs to be done first.
In planting corn traditionally done by hand using torches to perforate the soil. Meanwhile, in mechanized agriculture, planting corn seeds is done using a planting machine.
The population density of planting commonly used is around 60,000-120,000 plants per hectare, which is usually translated in spacing between rows of 50-100 cm, and spacing in rows of 10-40 cm. The choice of distance depends on the size of the corn plant.
Corn nutrient requirements are known to be relatively high, in addition to requiring organic fertilizer as a basic / initial fertilizer, corn plants also require nitrogen / N input "of urea or ZA" phosphate and potassium for optimal growth and yield. The need for nitrogen in corn plants is high, making N fertilizer usually given 2-3 times a day, meanwhile, the potassium element is important in the flowering stage.
In the middle of vegetative growth, maize plants will emit aerial roots, which will require soil to maximize nutrient absorption. Control of disturbing plants such as weeds can be done by using herbicides or by weeding. And water supply is usually given by trench flooding, in which case the water will be flowed through an irrigation channel or using a water pump.
Thus the discussion of the Requirements in Complete Cultivation of Corn Plants hopefully with the review can add insight and knowledge of you all, thank you very much for your visit