Explanation of Agricultural Biotechnology and Its Benefits

Explanation of Agricultural Biotechnology and Its Benefits
In addition to being applied in biotechnology and pharmacy and medicine and food, biotechnology is also applicable in agriculture. In composting and biogas is one simple example in the application of agricultural biotechnology. Utilization of agricultural biotechnology in zamam is now done in a modern way, here are some examples of agricultural biotechnology.

Hydroponics and Aeroponics
Hydroponics is work by utilizing water. For methods used in hydroponics such as water culture using water media, sand culture methods using sand media and porous methods, among others, using gravel media and new brick fragments. With this sand method including successful and easy ways to apply.

The Advantages Of Using Hydroponics
Higher crop production
Use of fertilizer more efficiently
Does not depend on natural conditions
Plants are free from pests and diseases
Grow faster
Easy in the process
Does not require so much land
Fruits obtained by dihydroponics include cucumbers, paprika and lettuce, while plants that can be hydroponized are star fruit, guava water and melons.
Aeroponics is a type of hydroponics because water that contains nutrient solutions is sprayed in the form of mist to hit the roots of plants. The principle of the application of aeroponics is Styrofoam which is given planting holes with a distance of 15 cm, which is then using foam padding or rock wool, vegetable seedlings are embedded in the planting hole.
At the root of the plant will dangle freely downwards, then under the strands of Styrofoam there is a sprinkler or atomizer that emits a mist of nutrient solution up to the roots.

Plant Tissue Culture
Plant tissue culture is a method or technique in isolating plant parts namely cells, tissues, organs and protoplasms and growing them on artificial media under aseptic conditions in a controlled space so that parts of the plant will grow and develop into complete plants.
The part that is grown through tissue culture is called an explant. Explants used are usually from young plant tissue, such as shoots, young leaves and root tips.

Various Types of Plant Tissue Culture
Antherculture pollen is a tissue culture technique using explants from stamens or pollen.
Cloroplast culture is a tissue culture technique using chloroplast explants for the purpose of improving the properties of plants by making new varieties.
Culture maristem is a tissue culture technique using explants or plant parts from young or meristem tissues.
Protoplast culture is a tissue culture technique using parts of protoplast plants or living cells that have been removed from the cell wall.
Somatic cross or crossing of the protoplasm is the crossing of two kinds of protoplasm into one, then cultivating it into a small plant with a new nature.

Biotechnology in the Formation of New Superior Plant Varieties
In the application of biotechnology in forming superior new plants, many have been developed because human needs are increasing. In addition, the application of plant biotechnology can facilitate a farmer in the process of crop cultivation. Some new superior types of plants made using biotechnology are as follows.
Burbank russet potato is a potato that has a high starch content and is able to produce better fried potatoes and potato chips.
Low nicotine tobacco is a type of tobacco which is considered to reduce the risk of cancer due to smoking.
Golden rice is a grain that is yellow like gold and contains carotenoids.
Flavrsavr tomatoes are tomatoes whose ripe fruit does not rot easily.

The Role of Plants for Life

The Role of Plants for Life
Plants are one of the living things that can determine the existence of other living things. As we already know, plants can make their own food through photosynthesis. Food made by plants is used to carry out their daily activities and to grow and develop. While the rest is stored as food reserves. This food reserve is then used by other living things. Therefore living things both directly and indirectly are very dependent on plants.

The Role of Plants for Life
Now plant anatomists know that plants have totipotence, that is, the ability of each cell to grow into a new individual. Knowledge about totipotency is then used by experts to propagate plants by tissue culture techniques. Tissue culture technique is a way of propagation of plants in a very short time with many results. Tissue culture techniques can be used as a solution to overcome the problem of food shortages for the community.

Benefits of Plants for Life (for Humans)
The following benefits of plants for life, especially for humans include:
Teak and ebony trees are needed by the community because the wood is superior to be used as building material, furniture, ships, bridges and so on.
Ginkgo seed biloba serves to sharpen memory, pharmaceutical experts found that in Ginkgo seeds contained a type of substance can sharpen a person's concentration, so that information that enters the brain can be easily remembered.

Benefits of Plants (For the Advancement of Science, Technology and the Environment)
Here are some of the benefits of plants for the advancement of science, technology and the community environment, namely:
The totipotence characteristic of plants is used in tissue culture techniques, so that plants can be produced in a short time and in large quantities.
Water hyacinth will become a weed when eutrophication occurs but the dried, tanned and woven stems can be used to make things such as bags, mats, furniture and curtains. This causes the environment to be free of weeds besides opening new jobs.
Through radiation and induction of colchicine chemicals in seeds, the number of body chromosomes is doubled so that the body size will exceed normal size so that large, non-seeded fruits can be produced.
Tagetes plants produce thiophen compounds that are safe for humans, but are toxic to pests so that they can extract thiophen from leaves, stems, roots and flowers can be obtained extracts of insecticides, nematicides and fungicides.
Plant body cells contain cytoplasm which is electrolyte so that by extracting the fruit skin and the remaining pieces of vegetables then the extract is connected to the electrodes to devices that use low energy can be used as a source of low alternative energy.
Weeds are disturbing plants for cultivation. In contrast to pests and plant diseases, the effects caused by weeds are not seen directly and run slowly. But overall the losses incurred are very large. This weed can be able to compete strongly with cultivation plants to meet the needs of nutrients, water, sunlight, air and growing space.
Thus the discussion about the Role of Plants for Life and Explanation Hopefully with this review can add insight and knowledge of you all, thank you very much for your visit

Requirements for Corn Cultivation

Requirements for Corn Cultivation
For this matter in the cultivation of maize plants is one type of seasonal plants with a cultivation period between 3 to 4 months, there are two main requirements in the cultivation of corn. Well, here are the requirements for corn cultivation, for more details, just consider the reviews below.

Requirements for complete cultivation of corn
Growing Requirements
Although it is known that a number of corn plant races are able to adapt to low temperatures and high regions, corn is the best plant when cultivated in the lowlands with warm temperatures and full sunlight. Corn germination will actually stop at temperatures below 10 degrees Celsius. For water needs of corn plants is average, but lack of water in the early growing period, the flowering period and the time of filling the seeds will result in a drastic decline in corn yields.
Corn plants can grow in various types of soil, provided that there is sufficient water and nutrients available and the roots are able to grow well. The root of the corn plant is not deep, so the layers should not be too hard. The need for nutrients is high, especially in nitrogen and phosphorus.
For this matter, corn plants like soil with neutral packaging "pH 5-6.5", Planting corn in acid soils, such as peat and podsolic red yellow "PMK", requires calcification, good drainage and good tolerant cultivars. . Which in the preparation of land for the preparation of corn planting usually involves piracy, leveling, making ditusan ditches, and liming "on acid soil", before planting, the land needs to be irrigated first.

Terms for how to grow corn
In this case corn requires direct sunlight to be able to grow normally. A place with rainfall ranging from 85 to 200 mm per month, temperatures ranging from 23-27 degrees Celsius and soil pH ranging from 5.6 to 7.5 is the best or ideal place for growing corn.
The type of soil is actually not very important, as long as the irrigation is good and the availability of water is sufficient, but it should be known if sufficient water in the initial growth phase and the flowering and seed filling phases is critical for the production of shelled corn.

Corn-planting land may not have a pool, the initial land management needs to consider making water drainage ditches or making beds. In acid soil type liming needs to be done first.
In planting corn traditionally done by hand using torches to perforate the soil. Meanwhile, in mechanized agriculture, planting corn seeds is done using a planting machine.
The population density of planting commonly used is around 60,000-120,000 plants per hectare, which is usually translated in spacing between rows of 50-100 cm, and spacing in rows of 10-40 cm. The choice of distance depends on the size of the corn plant.
Corn nutrient requirements are known to be relatively high, in addition to requiring organic fertilizer as a basic / initial fertilizer, corn plants also require nitrogen / N input "of urea or ZA" phosphate and potassium for optimal growth and yield. The need for nitrogen in corn plants is high, making N fertilizer usually given 2-3 times a day, meanwhile, the potassium element is important in the flowering stage.
In the middle of vegetative growth, maize plants will emit aerial roots, which will require soil to maximize nutrient absorption. Control of disturbing plants such as weeds can be done by using herbicides or by weeding. And water supply is usually given by trench flooding, in which case the water will be flowed through an irrigation channel or using a water pump.
Thus the discussion of the Requirements in Complete Cultivation of Corn Plants hopefully with the review can add insight and knowledge of you all, thank you very much for your visit

Definition of Implications

Definition of Implications
According to the Big Dictionary the meaning of the word implication is the involvement or atmosphere involved. So that each word affix comes from implications such as the word implies or implies that means to bring a tangle of involvement or involve with something.

Implications According to Experts Are
According to Islamy (2003, 114-115), the implication is everything that has been produced by the process of policy formulation. In other words, the implications are the consequences and consequences caused by the implementation of certain policies or activities.
According to Winarno (2002: 171-174): There are at least five dimensions that must be discussed in calculating the implications of a policy. These dimensions include: first, the policy implications on public matters and the policy implications of the people involved.
Second, the policy may have implications for circumstances or groups outside the policy goals or objectives.
Third, policy may have implications for present and future conditions.
Fourth, evaluation also involves another element, namely the direct costs incurred to finance public policy programs.
Fifth, indirect costs incurred by the community or some community members due to public policies.
According to Silalahi (2005: 43), implications are the consequences arising from the implementation of a program or policy, which can be good or not on the parties that are targeted for the implementation of the program or policy.

Kinds of Implications
The implication consists of several types, seen from the use of which consists of several types of them.
Theoretical Implications
Managerial Implications
Methodology Implications
Implications of Mathematical Logic
Implications in Leadership
Ethical Implications
Cultural Implications
Implications of Globalization
Theoretical Implications
In this section the researcher presents a complete picture of the theoretical implications of this study. This section aims to convince examiners of the contributions to science in theories used to solve research problems, but also their implications for theories relevant to the main field of study presented in theoretical models.

Managerial Implications
Managerial implications, namely reviewing or discussing the conclusions or the final results of research. Of course, these conclusions are obtained based on the policies applied in the research method. The policies taken to obtain the final results of the decision were obtained through a comprehensive and participatory decision-making process of all research members and in an appropriate managerial manner. The implications of policies related to the results of the study are also referred to as managerial implications. In addition, managerial implications can provide benefits for management science. That management consists of two implications, namely:
Procedural implications, namely analysis, work planning, policy choices, and procedures for analysis.
Substantive implications, namely the estimation of the plan and formulation of an action.

Methodology Implications
This section is optional and presents the author's reflection on the methodology used in his research. For example in this section we can present an explanation of which parts of the research method have been done very well and which parts are relatively difficult and which procedures have been developed to overcome various that difficulty is not actually described before in the literature on research methods. Researchers can present in this section approaches that can be used in further research or other research to facilitate or to improve the quality of research.

Implications in Leadership

Implications in Leadership
Many things need to be considered in a leadership. A leader of course must have quality attitudes for the progress of the organization and the company. In addition to being responsible, a leader must have the nature and attitude as a leader who has clear goals and vision. A leader must be able to provide encouragement to its members. As well as prioritizing humane and respectful relationships. A good leader will have positive implications and benefits for the company and its members.

The word implications aside from being often used in types of scientific studies as well as in a study, generally also used in the study of mathematics. This is called the mathematical implication. The word implication in mathematics has a meaning as a statement that means compound and is often displayed in the word "if" or "then". In mathematical logic how to read and write "if" and "then" this can be explained with the following implications:
"P => q"
The mathematical implications can be read "if" p "then" q. The implication of p => q can be interpreted literally, where "p" (antecedent) as a hypothesis and initial or temporary guess and "q" as a consequence.

Ethical Implications
This relates to the habits that are done. Of course ethics has been taught from an early age, then continues to always be applied in everyday life. There are so many types and ethics in society. The simplest example is a person who is still young, must respect their parents, then there is an ethic if it makes a mistake that it should apologize first. If always implemented well, these things will have enormous implications for one's life. Among them are respect and pride.
The teacher is one important element that must exist after students. If a teacher does not have a professional attitude then students who are students will find it difficult to grow and develop properly. This is because teachers are one of the foundation for the state in terms of education. With the existence of professional and qualified teachers, they will be able to produce quality national children as well. The key that must be possessed by every teacher is competence. Competence is a set of knowledge and teaching skills of teachers in carrying out their professional duties as a teacher so that the goals of education can be achieved properly.

Cultural Implications
Accepting and studying culture from other countries is a form of positive attitude, the point is that there is no need to close oneself and always be open to changes and differences. But do not let this open attitude exceed pride in the country. What should be done is to accept cultures that are positive and in accordance with one's personality. Negative cultural absorption will have implications that can harm yourself and others.

Implications of Globalization
This implication is often interpreted as a result or effect when the phenomenon of globalization has occurred in a region or country. The implication of globalization is not only limited to the definition of products or goods, but can also be in the form of language, technology, education, culture, habits or habits, and so forth. This means that when the product or culture of a region or country can easily and freely enter and be applied in another region or country.
The implications of globalization can have both positive and negative effects. A positive impact is a region or country that receives globalization will be more advanced and up to date. But on the contrary, if it is too excessive, it will cause negative effects such as control of a region or country on products and culture of another region or country. An example is the increasing number of supermarkets and minimarkets that will dominate places such as traditional markets in the field of consumption, and the purchase of local products in the country.

Understanding Scientific References

Understanding Scientific References
A reference is something that is used in providing information to reinforce a statement expressly. Or we are also familiar with "referral". Reference uses both factual and non-factual. Factual referrals consist of sample statistics, testimonies, and factual objects. References can be in the form of evidence, values, and credibility. The source of reference material is where the material is found.

Types of References
Factual and non-factual reference material may exist in the following three forms:

Evidence like, statistics, examples and testimonies
The values used by people who accept the argument (the crowd)
Credibility of information providers. Like the person giving the information may lead to his own experience to be able to convince the listener that he is a capable person.

Reference Works
Reference works are certain forms of scientific publications or books that can be used as a basis or idea for statements through proven facts. Reference works can also be electronic or physical documents. In addition, printed books and research publications, physical documentary works often used are dictionaries, encyclopedias, almanacs, thesaurus, scientific journals, catalogs, authentic manuscripts and atlases. While data from electronic documents in the form of DVDs, CD-ROMs, recorded data, application programs, or the internet.

Purpose of Making References
The following are the objectives in making a reference that we need to know:

In order to strengthen the theory and argument
References are used to support material from the theory or argument as outlined in the text. Reference becomes a basis for the submission of arguments so that it has a strong foundation and can be accepted by the public as an opinion that can be accounted for.

Avoid plagiarism
The use of references is intended not to be an act of plagiarism on the work of others. An article generally becomes the author's intellectual property. So if someone uses a theory, sentences or opinions used from other sources must state the source clearly.

Respect the Work of Others
References also need to be included as a form of appreciation for the work of others. In general, opinions or theories of other people can be taken and used for free in completing a paper. So for the form of an award needs to be given a clear reference to the source of the theory that is written in full using the method or method of writing certain references.

Provide Information To Readers
References also have the intention to provide information to the reader on the original and complete source of an opinion or theory. With the reference, the reader can find the information more fully in accordance with their needs.

Example Reference
Smith, J. (2005a). Harvard Referencing. London: Jolly Good Publishing.
Smith, J. (2005b). Dutch Citing Practices. The Hague: Holland Research Foundation.
In writing the city of publication, the city that is internationally known (such as London or New York) is quoted only as the city. If the city is not known internationally, the country (or province) is included.

Often people use the term "implications" without really thinking about what they mean and define. The use of the word implication is indeed still rarely used in daily conversation sentences. The use of the word implication is usually commonly used in a research language. Therefore there are still few studies that discuss the meaning of the word implication. But if you hear the term implication, the first thing that comes to mind in general is an effect or something that has a direct impact.

Example of Requirement Analysis

Example of Requirement Analysis
Theoretically, the concept of fractions is a more difficult topic compared to integers (Mark, 1988). Because in learning the concept of fractions is very possible the occurrence of misconceptions in students. In addition to broken material that is difficult, children at the elementary school level always have a desire to play, because it is already a part of their lives.
We can see in everyday life how happy it is when children watch cartoons and read comics. For this reason, a learning system that is fun and appropriate for students needs to be considered. This is in accordance with what was revealed by Risman (2003) to organize a fun education for children so that children can excel there are three C that must be considered, namely children (children), content (material), and context (situation). Furthermore Risman explained that the right treatment and the appropriate material would not have a positive effect if it was not conveyed in the right situation (context).
Based on the background description above, it is necessary for a teacher's actions to find and implement an alternative learning model that is able to increase students' understanding of mathematical concepts, especially the concept of fractions by paying attention to the level of mental development of students.

Planning Phase (plan), including:
draw up a learning plan.
compose comics that will be used as learning media.
prepare materials / props needed in the implementation of the action
prepare observation sheets that will be used by observers when implementing actions.
Acting Stage
The implementation of the action in question is to carry out learning the concept of fractions by using comic media and observing the activities of students and teachers during the learning process using prepared observation sheets.

Stage of investigation (Research)
At this stage includes producing data (produce data) and data analysis (analyze data).
In this study, data analysis was carried out in a process. The process in this case means that the implementation has started since the data collection was carried out and worked intensively. Every time the action is over, the data collected is analyzed based on observations, student work, final results and interview results.
The data analysis technique used in this study is a qualitative data analysis technique developed by Miles and Huberman (1992), namely by reducing data, presenting data, and drawing conclusions and verifying data.

Reflection Stage (reflect)
The implementation of reflection activities, the researchers conducted discussions with observers to capture the things that happened before and during the action took place based on test results, observations, results of interviews, and field notes with research subjects so that conclusions can be drawn in planning further actions.

The Purpose of Analysis at Work
This job analysis produces a list of job descriptions written statements regarding the obligations of workers which also includes qualification standards, level of education, minimum experience required as well as the character of the job itself.
Analysis - Definition, Example, Stage, Purpose, Experts: In social science, analysis in an effort to understand and explain the process for a problem and various things in it. While science (science) is the right understanding and definition of activities carried out analysis to describe substances into its constituent compounds. In chemistry, analysis is used to determine the composition of an ingredient or substance. Examples of the best known areas of the field of food technology from activity analysis.