Understanding Scientific References

Understanding Scientific References
A reference is something that is used in providing information to reinforce a statement expressly. Or we are also familiar with "referral". Reference uses both factual and non-factual. Factual referrals consist of sample statistics, testimonies, and factual objects. References can be in the form of evidence, values, and credibility. The source of reference material is where the material is found.

Types of References
Factual and non-factual reference material may exist in the following three forms:

Evidence like, statistics, examples and testimonies
The values used by people who accept the argument (the crowd)
Credibility of information providers. Like the person giving the information may lead to his own experience to be able to convince the listener that he is a capable person.

Reference Works
Reference works are certain forms of scientific publications or books that can be used as a basis or idea for statements through proven facts. Reference works can also be electronic or physical documents. In addition, printed books and research publications, physical documentary works often used are dictionaries, encyclopedias, almanacs, thesaurus, scientific journals, catalogs, authentic manuscripts and atlases. While data from electronic documents in the form of DVDs, CD-ROMs, recorded data, application programs, or the internet.

Purpose of Making References
The following are the objectives in making a reference that we need to know:

In order to strengthen the theory and argument
References are used to support material from the theory or argument as outlined in the text. Reference becomes a basis for the submission of arguments so that it has a strong foundation and can be accepted by the public as an opinion that can be accounted for.

Avoid plagiarism
The use of references is intended not to be an act of plagiarism on the work of others. An article generally becomes the author's intellectual property. So if someone uses a theory, sentences or opinions used from other sources must state the source clearly.

Respect the Work of Others
References also need to be included as a form of appreciation for the work of others. In general, opinions or theories of other people can be taken and used for free in completing a paper. So for the form of an award needs to be given a clear reference to the source of the theory that is written in full using the method or method of writing certain references.

Provide Information To Readers
References also have the intention to provide information to the reader on the original and complete source of an opinion or theory. With the reference, the reader can find the information more fully in accordance with their needs.

Example Reference
Smith, J. (2005a). Harvard Referencing. London: Jolly Good Publishing.
Smith, J. (2005b). Dutch Citing Practices. The Hague: Holland Research Foundation.
In writing the city of publication, the city that is internationally known (such as London or New York) is quoted only as the city. If the city is not known internationally, the country (or province) is included.

Often people use the term "implications" without really thinking about what they mean and define. The use of the word implication is indeed still rarely used in daily conversation sentences. The use of the word implication is usually commonly used in a research language. Therefore there are still few studies that discuss the meaning of the word implication. But if you hear the term implication, the first thing that comes to mind in general is an effect or something that has a direct impact.